Please forward this error screen to 172. Gender roles are the adaptation of a group of children of early age social and behavioral norms considered appropriate in social situations for people of different genders.
Expectations for children’s future adult lives, like financial success or future care giving, may lead parents to encourage certain behaviors in children. However, most parental behaviors remain uninfluenced by the gender of the child, including speaking to, playing, teaching, and caretaking. Family dynamics can especially influence gender specialization. Parents of sons are more likely to express conservative gender role views than parents of daughters, with fathers emphasizing the paternal breadwinning role for males. Children’s toy preferences are significantly related to parental sex-typing, such as girls playing with dolls and boys participating in sports. In early childhood, gender roles become apparent in patterns of play.
Until 1983, these play differences were ignored in studies of the differences between boys and girls, but recent research has shed light on these sex differences. This time period is especially crucial because if a child’s fundamental movement skills do not develop properly, then their future development will be drastically impacted. This study took 425 preschool children and asked them to perform specific fundamental movement skills such as locomotor and object control skills. One of the earliest signs of gender differences in play patterns is the appearance of gender-segregated play groups and toy preferences. Boys tend to be more “rough and tumble” in their play while girls shy away from this aggressive behavior, leading to the formation of separate play groups.