Moral character or character is an evaluation of an individual’s stable moral qualities. The word “character” is derived from the Ancient Greek the character development of the child “charaktêr”, referring to a mark impressed upon a coin.
Later it came to mean a point by which one thing was told apart from others. There are two approaches when dealing with moral character: Normative ethics involve moral standards that exhibit right and wrong conduct. In the military field, character is considered particularly relevant in the leadership development area. Military leaders should not only “know” theoretically the moral values but they must embody these values. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy provides a historical account of some important developments in philosophical approaches to moral character. Plato believed that the soul is divided into three parts of desire: Rational, Appetitive, or Spirited.
Aristotle tells us that there are good people in the world. Abraham Lincoln once said, “Character is like a tree and reputation like its shadow. The Book of Genesis says that God created man in his own image. The Milgram experiment was a study done in the early 1960s that helped measure a person’s moral character. In one experiment that was done in the United States in 1985, the moral character of a person was based on whether or not a person had found a dime in a public phone booth. In the 1990s and 2000s, a number of philosophers and social scientists began to question the very presuppositions that theories of moral character and moral character traits are based on. Non-robustness Claim: moral character traits are not consistent across a wide spectrum of trait-relevant situations.
Whatever moral character traits an individual has are situation specific. Consistency Claim: while a person’s moral character traits are relatively stable over time, this should be understood as consistency of situation specific traits, rather than robust traits. Fragmentation Claim: a person’s moral character traits do not have the evaluative integrity suggested by the Integrity Claim. There may be considerable disunity in a person’s moral character among his or her situation-specific character traits. According to Situationists, the empirical evidence favors their view of moral character over the Traditional View. A second challenge to the traditional view can be found in the idea of moral luck. This idea is that moral luck occurs when the moral judgment of an agent depends on factors beyond the agent’s control.
It will depend on luck in an individual’s upbringing, the values she is taught, the self-controlling and self-constructing capacities her social environment enables and encourages her to develop, the moral challenges she faces or avoids. A moral character trait is a character trait for which the agent is morally responsible. If moral responsibility is impossible, however, then agents cannot be held responsible for their character traits or for the behaviors that they do as a result of those character traits. A similar argument has also recently been advocated by Bruce Waller.
According to Waller, no one is “morally responsible for her character or deliberative powers, or for the results that flow from them. Evaluation of a Character Education Curriculum”. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Further Studies on the Effect of Feeling Good on Helping”. A Solution to the Problem of Moral Luck”. Moral Luck,” in Moral Luck, ed.
Review of Doris’s Lack of Character”, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. Educational Psychology Interactive: Moral and Character Development”. A Critical Analysis of Current Trait Theory”, Psychological Inquiry 5, pp. This page was last edited on 6 March 2018, at 00:52. Day Camp for K-Grade 4 Day Camp is available for Kindergarten through Grade 4. We offer single days and week-long camps. Contact Us FBCC-Child Development Center is conveniently located in the heart of Clarendon one block from the Metro station in the Educational Building at the First Baptist Church of Clarendon.
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