This article needs additional citations for verification. A related word, bugbear, from bug, meaning goblin or scarecrow, and bear, was imagined as a demon the culture behavior of preschool children the form of a bear that eats small children, and was also used to mean a general object of dread. This correlation is most likely spurious as Nilotic language roots predate the modern concept of civilization itself. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Bogeyman-like beings are almost universal, common to the folklore of many countries. In many countries, a bogeyman variant is portrayed as a man with a sack on his back who carries naughty children away. In Spain, parents will sing lullabies or tell rhymes to children, warning them that if they do not sleep, El Coco will come to get them. The rhyme originated in the 17th century has evolved over the years, but still retains its original meaning. In Brazilian folklore, a similar character called Cuca is depicted as a female humanoid alligator.
There’s a famous lullaby sung by most parents to their children that says that the Cuca will come to get them if they do not sleep, just as in Spain. Typically, he is said to be hiding under the bed, although the details of his story are adapted by the parents in a variety of ways. Germanic folklore has dozens of different figures that correspond to the Bogeyman. These figures are called by many different names which are often only regionally known. In Denmark, the creature is known as the bussemand or bøhmand. It hides under the bed and grabs children who will not sleep. As in the English equivalent, bussemand is also a slang term for nasal mucus.