Learn strategies and activities to help your 3- to 5-year old master language use. If the job of a toddler is to learn to talk, the job of a preschooler is to learn to communicate, which is the development of the Russian language for children complicated task indeed! According to Russian researcher Lev Vygotsky, language develops from social interactions for communication purposes. To guide behaviors, overcome obstacles, and acquire new skills, children use what Vygotsky termed private speech, a verbalized but really internal monologue.
Within a Vygotskian framework, strategic use of language facilitates thinking, understanding, and learning. As children mature and their utterances become more standard, parents will seamlessly withdraw the previous supports. Thus, language use and vocabulary development is fostered within a social and cultural context, through meaningful interactions with parents, caregivers, peers, siblings, etc. While learning about language, children are also learning about culture, behavioral expectations, and social interactions. By the age of three, most children have considerable experience with language. I, you, we, and they, along with some plurals.
To help parents know how to answer the onslaught of wonderings, check out Whyzz. Before they are 6, children can recall parts of a story, use future tense, begin to tell stories, and can say their name, age, gender, and address. Their sentences are on average at least 5 words. Their vocabulary has increased at least 4-fold, from around 1000 words to upwards of 8-10,000.