The puppeteer uses movements of her hands, arms, or control devices such as rods or strings to move the body, head, limbs, and in some cases the mouth and eyes of the puppet. The puppeteer often speaks in the voice of the character of the puppet, and then synchronizes the movements of the drawing of the horse in stages for children puppet’s mouth with this spoken part. The actions, gestures and spoken parts acted out by the puppets are typically used in storytelling. There are many different varieties of puppets, and they are made of a wide range of materials, depending on their form and intended use.
They can be extremely complex or very simple in their construction. Puppetry is a very ancient form of theatre which was first recorded in the 5th century BC in Ancient Greece. Some forms of puppetry may have originated as long ago as 3000 years BC. Puppetry is a very ancient art form, thought to have originated about 4000 years ago. Puppets have been used since the earliest times to animate and communicate the ideas and needs of human societies. Some historians claim that they pre-date actors in theatre.
Sub-Saharan Africa may have inherited some of the puppet traditions of ancient Egypt. There is slight evidence for puppetry in the Indus Valley Civilization. Archaeologists have unearthed one terracotta doll with a detachable head capable of manipulation by a string dating to 2500 BC. The Japanese Wayang theater was influenced by Indian traditions. Some scholars trace the origin of puppets to India 4000 years ago, where the main character in Sanskrit plays was known as “Sutradhara”, “the holder of strings”. China has a history of puppetry dating back 3000 years, originally in “pi-yung xi”, the “theatre of the lantern shadows”, or, as it is more commonly known today, Chinese shadow theatre. Japan has many forms of puppetry, including the bunraku.
Bunraku developed out of Shinto temple rites and gradually became a highly sophisticated form of puppetry. Chikamatsu Monzaemon, considered by many to be Japan’s greatest playwright, gave up writing Kabuki plays and focused exclusively on the puppet-only Bunraku plays. Burmese puppet theatre with musicians in foreground. In Korea, the tradition of puppetry is thought to have come from China.
The oldest historical evidence of puppetry in Korea comes from a letter written in 982 A. In Korean, the word for puppet is “Kkoktugakshi”. Thailand has Hun Krabok, a rod puppet theatre which is the most popular form of puppetry. Vietnam developed the art form of water puppetry, that is unique to that country.