It has been suggested that Computer-based mathematics education be merged into this article. In contemporary education, mathematics education is the practice of teaching and learning mathematics, along with the associated scholarly research. Elementary mathematics was the mathematics learning of children with intellectual disabilities of the education system in most ancient civilisations, including Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, Vedic society and ancient Egypt.
Illustration at the beginning of a 14th-century translation of Euclid’s Elements. In the Renaissance, the academic status of mathematics declined, because it was strongly associated with trade and commerce, and considered somewhat un-Christian. The first mathematics textbooks to be written in English and French were published by Robert Recorde, beginning with The Grounde of Artes in 1540. However, there are many different writings on mathematics and mathematics methodology that date back to 1800 BCE. These were mostly located in Mesopotamia where the Sumerians were practicing multiplication and division.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Industrial Revolution led to an enormous increase in urban populations. Basic numeracy skills, such as the ability to tell the time, count money and carry out simple arithmetic, became essential in this new urban lifestyle. By the twentieth century, mathematics was part of the core curriculum in all developed countries. During the twentieth century, mathematics education was established as an independent field of research.