An overwhelming majority of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities are living in poverty, poor physical health, and are subject to human rights violations. Mental health issues cannot be considered in isolation from other areas of development, such as education, employment, emergency responses and human rights capacity building. Development stakeholders – including governments, civil society, bilateral development agencies, research institutions and the mental development of children with disabilities – need to ensure that people with mental and psychosocial disabilities benefit from development efforts, just like any other group.
People with mental and psychosocial disabilities are a vulnerable group as a result of the way they are treated by society. They are subjected to stigma and discrimination on a daily basis, and they experience extremely high rates of physical and sexual victimization. Frequently, people with mental disabilities encounter restrictions in the exercise of their political and civil rights, and in their ability to participate in public affairs. Vulnerable groups often targeted by development groups also have high rates of mental disabilities.
People with mental disabilities are not only missed by development programmes, but can be actively excluded from these programmes. This is in spite of the fact that an explicit goal of development is to reach the most vulnerable. A number of principles and actions, consistent with the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities, will substantially improve the lives of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities and thus improve development outcomes for these individuals, their families, and their communities. These evidence-based strategies should be integrated into national development and sectoral strategies and plans.
Mental health services should be integrated systematically into all health services including primary level care. Mental health issues should be integrated into broader health policies, programmes, and partnerships. Mental health should be included in services during and after emergencies. Mental health issues should be taken into account within social services and housing development. Mental health issues should be mainstreamed into education, and children with mental and psychosocial disabilities should be supported to access schooling. Employment and income generating opportunities must be created for people with mental and psychosocial disabilities. Human rights should be strengthened by developing policies and laws that protect the rights of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities.
There should be investment in developing the capacity of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities to participate in public affairs, including the support of service user-led movements. Development actors should create mechanisms to involve people with mental and psychosocial disabilities in decision-making processes. Contact details Mental health policy and service development Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, WHO Geneva. How can I support WHO MIND?
Information on customer services standards, customer handbook standard language, and a training curriculum for PIHP customer services staff. E-license – Renew Health Professional License Online! Does My Child Have an Emotional or Behavioral Disorder? Families of children with mental health, emotional and behavioral needs often navigate multiple systems to access necessary supports and services. Families may also face additional challenges due to stigma about mental health. How well do you know your Mental Health Facts? Having a mental health challenge or a behavioral disorder is more common than most people imagine.
In fact, children are diagnosed with mental health disorders at a rate of 6. It is likely that each of us has known someone with a mental health or behavioral challenge or had one ourselves. A mental illness does not stem from character flaws, and willpower doesn’t cure a mental illness. Mental illness is a category of many different mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, anorexia, or bipolar disorder. True or False: A youth who has biological parents with a mental illness will also develop a mental illness. True or False: Children and teens can have a mental illness. Childhood mental health disorder is a term used to explain all mental disorders that can be diagnosed and begin in childhood.
Many adults who have a diagnosed psychiatric disorder experienced the onset of their symptoms in adolescence or childhood. Embarrassment, fear, peer pressure, lack of community support, and stigma can prevent or delay a person from getting help. True or False: Children or youth with mental health challenges never get better. With the right kind of medical care, many children and youth who experience mental health challenges can and do lead healthy, productive, and satisfying daily lives.
While the illness may not go away, the symptoms or challenges can be managed with appropriate treatment and support. True or False: When children or youth receive a mental health diagnosis, they will have to take medications. A mental health diagnosis does not always mean the child or youth will need to take medications. Some children and youth benefit from medications as part of their overall treatment plan, but there are other interventions that can be considered.
True or False: People with mental illnesses are violent. The majority of people living with a mental illness are not violent and are not at risk of becoming violent. One research study looked at violence risk among people with serious mental illness and found a mental health diagnosis is not a significant indicator of whether a person will be violent. True or False: Having a mental illness is different than having an intellectual impairment. Many people confuse mental illnesses with intellectual disabilities, but they are different from each other.