Which types of animals do we use? Earlier the project of adaptation of children of early age month the “Too Much, Too Soon” campaign made headlines with a letter calling for a change to the start age for formal learning in schools.
This is a brief review of the relevant research evidence which overwhelmingly supports a later start to formal education. There are several strands of evidence which all point towards the importance of play in young children’s development, and the value of an extended period of playful learning before the start of formal schooling. These arise from anthropological, psychological, neuroscientific and educational studies. In my own area of experimental and developmental psychology, studies have also consistently demonstrated the superior learning and motivation arising from playful, as opposed to instructional, approaches to learning in children. Pretence play supports children’s early development of symbolic representational skills, including those of literacy, more powerfully than direct instruction. Within educational research, a number of longitudinal studies have demonstrated superior academic, motivational and well-being outcomes for children who had attended child-initiated, play-based pre-school programmes.
One particular study of 3,000 children across England, funded by the Department for Education themselves, showed that an extended period of high quality, play-based pre-school education was of particular advantage to children from disadvantaged households. Studies have compared groups of children in New Zealand who started formal literacy lessons at ages 5 and 7. Their results show that the early introduction of formal learning approaches to literacy does not improve children’s reading development, and may be damaging. This body of evidence raises important and serious questions concerning the direction of travel of early childhood education policy currently in England. In the interests of children’s academic achievements and their emotional well-being, the UK government should take this evidence seriously.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence. If you use this content on your site please link back to this page. Download issue 35 of Research Horizons. Health and climate change toolkit for project managers The climate change and health toolkit is a one-stop resource containing key resources that address climate change and health issues. We will keep this resource updated with the latest publications. Publications are sorted by the eight topics represented below, by type, geographic focus and year of publication.
No documents match your selection criteria. Please try setting one or more filters to less restrictive values. You can also allow multiple values for each filter. Healthy communities rely on well-functioning ecosystems.
They provide clean air, fresh water, medicines and food security. They also limit disease and stabilize the climate. Climate variability and change are exacerbating many current climate-sensitive health outcomes and have the potential to affect the ability of health system institutions and organizations to maintain or improve health burdens in the context of changing climate and development patterns. Advancing management of these risks requires systems-based and holistic approaches to adaptation. There is now strong evidence that the earth’s climate is changing rapidly, mainly due to human activities.
Increasing temperatures, sea-level rises, changing patterns of precipitation, and more frequent and severe extreme events are expected to have largely adverse effects on key determinants of human health, including clean air and water, sufficient food and adequate shelter. The present guidance aims to ensure that the health sector works with partners in the environment and other related communities, and follow a systematic process to: engage in the overall NAP process at the national level, identify national strategic goals for building health resilience to climate change, develop a national plan with prioritized activities to achieve these goals, within a specific time period and given available resources. The WHO Regional Office for Europe prepared this economic analysis tool to support adaptation planning to protect health from the negative effects of climate change in European Member States. The Atlas of health and climate is a product of this unique collaboration between the meteorological and public health communities.
It provides sound scientific information on the connections between weather and climate and major health challenges. These range from diseases of poverty to emergencies arising from extreme weather events and disease outbreaks. Our planet, our health, our future. This discussion paper focuses on the linkages between health and biodiversity, climate change and desertification, the representation of health in the three Rio Conventions and the opportunities for more integrated and effective policy.
Large, immediate health benefits from some climate change strategies are to be expected. Other strategies, however, may involve health risks or tradeoffs. WHO has developed this training course to improve the knowledge of health professionals on the associations and implications of climate change on human health and to enhance stronger and more efficient participation of the health sector in addressing climate change challenges. The training course is designed for public health professionals who are actively involved in the management and decision-making process related to health programmes.