This page has been archived and is no to study Russian language children updated. Find out more about page archiving.
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. The study of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning.
A system of thought based on or involving such study: the philosophy of Hume. The study of the theoretical underpinnings of a particular field or discipline: the philosophy of history. Aristotle, especially an emphasis upon formal deductive logic, upon the concept that reality is a combination of form and matter, and upon investigation of the concrete and particular. Averroës, chiefly Aristotelianism tinged with Neoplatonism, asserting the unity of an active and divine intellect common to all while denying personal immortality. Jeremy Bentham that the morality of actions is estimated and determined by their utility and that pleasure and pain are both the ultimate Standard of right and wrong and the fundamental motives influencing human actions and wishes. Henri Bergson, emphasizing time or duration as the central f act of experience and asserting the existence of the élan vital as an original life force governing all organic processes in a way that can be explained only by intuition, not by scientific analysis.