Drawing People’s Heads, Vase for drawing children, and Shoulders : Learn how to draw the human head, neck muscles, and the shoulders with the following figure drawing and sketching tutorial. Learn how to draw the human head, neck muscles, and the shoulders in the correct proportion to each other with the following figure drawing and sketching tutorial. Drawing The Head and Neck : The First Lines of the Front View. In drawing the neck front view, it will be found that the tubular mass, the thyroid cartilage, must first be expressed, and will fill up very nearly the space between the sternomastoids if these are well developed.
Then the center of this mass must be peaked with the sharp projection before-named, while below must be the second horizontal ridge, the cricoid cartilage. If the chin be held up, and the action of gasping be performed, all the forms of the throat will be brought out, and these amount for the draughtsman to two divergent masses above the apple, and, say, four divergent masses below it, while on either side is a soft, less formal mass filling up the diamond of the throat. The divergent masses virtually meet on the hyoid bone. Some Subordinate Muscles of the Neck. At the side of the neck will be seen three comparatively unimportant muscles. These are the Scalenus, the Levator anguli scapulce, and the Splenius capitis.
There are properly three Scaleni—anticus, medius, and posticus. The Scaleni, divergent downwards, and standing upon the first and second ribs, form the spreading base of the neck. Perhaps the Splenius and Levator are most useful for their suggestiveness of form, rather than for their actually providing any themselves, or alone. Attachments—Occipital bone and mastoid process of temporal—Spines of the vertebra of the lower part of the neck and upper part of the back, and the ligamentum nucha. Attachments—Transverse processes of first to fourth cervical vertebra—Angle of the scapula. Attachments—Transverse processes of certain of the cervical vertebra, the anticus to the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth, the medius to the second to the seventh, the posticus to the fifth, sixth, and seventh—anticus to forepart of first rib, medius to hinder part of first rib, posticus to hinder part of second rib.
A Trapezium is a geometrical figure having four sides, a kind of elongated diamond. The four points of the muscle Trapezius are at the occipital bone of the skull, the spine of the last dorsal vertebra, and the two acromions. The muscle properly is in two triangles, with bases together at the spines of the vertebre and apexes on the shoulders. The cord-like edge forms the back line of the base of the neck and the upper limit of the trunk. From the cord-edge the muscle falls softly forward over the shoulder till it reaches its insertion on the outer third of the collar-bone, and thus completes the outer triangle or salt-box of the neck. Proportions of the Neck and Shoulders to the Head.