Access from your Country was disabled by the administrator. English Verbs: A Glossary of Terms Linguistic verbs in English table for kids that are often used in English materials about verbs and their functions are explained in this article. Types of verbs Main verbs Main verbs, or principal verbs, are notional verbs, i. Postpositions are usually called adverbs or adverbial particles in English linguistic materials.
See Phrasal Verbs Introduction in the section Idioms. Auxiliary verbs Auxiliary verbs BE, HAVE, WILL, DO perform grammatical functions and do not have specific lexical meaning. The verb BE helps to form the continuous tenses in the active voice and all of the tenses in the passive voice: She is crying. The verb HAVE helps to form the perfect tenses: He has gone home.
He had left before I called. Both HAVE and BE are used in the formation of the perfect continuous tenses: He has been sleeping for two hours. The verb WILL helps to form the future tenses: I will try. He said that he would help us. The verb DO helps to ask questions and to give short answers in the simple present and simple past: Does he work here?
Did you write a letter to her? The verbs BE, HAVE, WILL, DO can also function as notional verbs, in which case they have lexical meaning and are used as main verbs. Examples: Lake Chad is in Africa. The use of the verbs BE, HAVE, WILL is described in The Verb BE, The Verb HAVE and Key to Future Tenses in the section Grammar. The verb DO is described in Make and Do in the section Vocabulary. Transitive and intransitive verbs Transitive verbs require a direct object.