Wasting in children of early age

Please forward this error screen to 172. However, wasting may also be the result of a chronic unfavourable condition. The Indian subcontinent, where higher prevalences are found, is an important exception. High weight-for-height: “Overweight” wasting in children of early age the preferred term for describing high weight-for-height.

Even though there is a strong correlation between high weight-for-height and obesity as measured by adiposity, greater lean body mass can also contribute to high weight-for-height. On an individual basis, therefore, “fatness” or “obesity” should not be used to describe high weight-for-height. Low weight-for-age: Weight-for-age reflects body mass relative to chronological age. For example, weight-for-age fails to distinguish between short children of adequate body weight and tall, thin children. Double burden of malnutrition The double burden of malnutrition is characterised by the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight and obesity, or diet-related noncommunicable diseases, within individuals, households and populations, and across the lifecourse.

In the context of a changing global nutrition landscape, influenced by economic and income growth, urbanization, demographic change and globalization, diet-related epidemiology has seen a significant shift in recent decades. Burden In 2014, more than 1. 9 billion adults worldwide, 18 years and older, were overweight while 462 million were underweight. More than 600 million were obese. Moreover, the relationship between undernutrition and overweight and obesity is more than a coexistence. Overweight in mothers is also associated with overweight and obesity in their offspring. Rapid weight gain early in life may predispose to long-term weight excess.

Opportunity This double burden of malnutrition offers a unique and important opportunity for integrated action on malnutrition in all its forms. Commitments of the Rome Declaration on Nutrition, within the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition. FOOTNOTE: While we recognise the importance vitamin and mineral related overnutrition, it does not form part of this definition. You may also be interested in primary aldosteronism or Cushing’s syndrome.

Most of these conditions involve excessive or deficient production of sex steroids and can alter development of primary or secondary sex characteristics in some affected infants, children, or adults. The symptoms of CAH vary depending upon the form of CAH and the sex of the patient. Each form of CAH is associated with a specific defective gene. 21-hydroxylase, which is found on 6p21. 3 as part of the HLA complex.