This page is a resource explaining general sociological concepts of what a succinct expression for the development of children and gender. The examples I cover are focused on experiences of otherness. We examine how this, in turn, influences identity and social practices. Sex and gender do not always align.
Cis-gender describes people whose biological body they were born into matches their personal gender identity. This experience is distinct from being transgender, which is where one’s biological sex does not align with their gender identity. Just as sex and gender don’t always align, neither does gender and sexuality. People can identify along a wide spectrum of sexualities from heterosexual, to gay or lesbian, to bisexual, to queer, and so on.
Regardless of sexual experience, sexual desire and behaviours can change over time, and sexual identities may or may not shift as a result. They arise from our relationships to other people, and they depend upon social interaction and social recognition. As such, they influence how we understand ourselves in relation to others. Sex roles describes the tasks and functions perceived to be ideally suited to masculinity versus femininity. In the 19th Century, biomedical science largely converged around Western European practices and ideas. Biological definitions of the body arose where they did not exist before, drawing on Victorian values. The essentialist ideas that people attach to man and woman exist only because of this cultural history.