If you’re the parent of a tween, be warned: your cautious 10-year-old is bound to turn into a wild child in a few short years, with seemingly no regard whatsoever for safety. Indeed, teenagers have the double the risk of dying compared to their preteen selves. Adults have long reckoned with ways to protect adolescents from their own misjudgments. Only recently, however, have researchers really begun to understand how the teen brain is wired and that some of what appear to be teens’ senseless why do teenagers take drugs may result from biological tendencies that also prime their brains to learn and be flexible.
It’s certainly different from that of adults, but not in the ways you’d expect. Research shows, for instance, that teens tend to wildly overestimate certain risks — of things like unprotected sex and drug use — not to lowball them as one would predict. Agnieszka Tymula, a postdoctoral student at New York University and the lead author of the study, which was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Teens, it seems, love the unknown. MORE: The Half-Baked Teen Brain: A Hazard or a Virtue? To examine the differences in risk-taking between teens and adults, researchers studied 33 healthy adolescents aged 12 to 17, along with 30 normal adults aged 30 to 50.
5 reward or choose between the possibility of getting a much larger payout or nothing at all. 125, adults always gambled — but this was not so for teens. Valerie Reyna, professor of human development and psychology at Cornell University, who was not associated with the research. The new breakthrough here is that it extends our knowledge about adolescent risk-taking into the realm of ambiguity aversion. The actual odds are miniscule for most Americans. This perception, however, doesn’t prevent teens from engaging in risky behavior. Because teens have a different style of information processing, Reyna argues.