An almost naked Truth keeps an eye on the writer of history. Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject. The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular writers children methodical and bibliographic materials, techniques, and theoretical approaches.
The research interests of historians change over time, and there has been a shift away from traditional diplomatic, economic, and political history toward newer approaches, especially social and cultural studies. In the early modern period, the term historiography meant “the writing of history”, and historiographer meant “historian”. When you study ‘historiography’ you do not study the events of the past directly, but the changing interpretations of those events in the works of individual historians. Understanding the past appears to be a universal human need, and the “telling of history” has emerged independently in civilisations around the world. The earliest chronologies date back to Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, though no historical writers in these early civilizations were known by name.
By contrast, the term “historiography” is taken to refer to written history recorded in a narrative format for the purpose of informing future generations about events. In China, the Zuo Zhuan, attributed to Zuo Qiuming in the 5th century BCE, is the earliest written of narrative history in the world and covers the period from 722 to 468 BCE. China to lay the groundwork for professional historical writing. Traditional Chinese historiography describes history in terms of dynastic cycles.
In this view, each new dynasty is founded by a morally righteous founder. Over time, the dynasty becomes morally corrupt and dissolute. Eventually, the dynasty becomes so weak as to allow its replacement by a new dynasty. The tradition of Korean historiography was established with the Samguk Sagi, a history of Korea from its allegedly earliest times. The earliest works of history produced in Japan were the Rikkokushi, a corpus of six national histories covering the history of Japan from its mythological beginnings until the 9th century. The first of these works were the Nihon Shoki, compiled by Prince Toneri in 720.
Reproduction of part of a tenth-century copy of Thucydides’s History of the Peloponnesian War. The earliest known systematic historical thought emerged in ancient Greece, a development which would be an important influence on the writing of history elsewhere around the Mediterranean region. Greek historians greatly contributed to the development of historical methodology. Thucydides largely eliminated divine causality in his account of the war between Athens and Sparta, establishing a rationalistic element which set a precedent for subsequent Western historical writings.